Saturday, July 03, 2004

The Sequence of Cultures in the Arctic

The Sequence of Cultures in the Arctic Describes archeological research into Arctic Cultures. The focus has largely been on Canadian Arctic research, but findings relate also to Alaskan and Greenland cultures.

From the site:

During the last glaciation the westernmost part of this region formed the uplands of Beringia, the first part of the Americas occupied by humans. However, the earliest widely accepted sites, found in Alaska, are somewhat later and are assigned to the Paleo-Arctic tradition. This is succeeded by the Arctic Small Tool tradition (ASTt) whose bearers also became the first humans to occupy the Canadian Arctic and Greenland, migrating into those regions from Alaska. The resulting widespread ASTt population developed differently in Alaska and in Arctic Canada/Greenland. In Alaska the Arctic Small Tool tradition developed into the Norton tradition while in the Eastern Arctic it eventually becomes the Dorset culture. The cultures of the Thule tradition developed from the Norton tradition in the area around Bering Strait and subsequently spread, in part through an extraordinary population movement, throughout the entire Arctic region except the Aleutian Islands. The widespread present day Inuit peoples are the direct cultural and biological descendants of the Thule.

1 comment:

Matt S. said...

The Tuniit

Inuit oral history relates that when their ancestors arrived in Arctic Canada a few centuries ago they found the country occupied by a tribe of large, strong and inoffensive strangers whom they called “Tuniit,” and whom the ancestral Inuit soon drove from their lands. The Tuniit are almost certainly the people whose archaeological remains show almost 5,000 years of occupation in the Arctic regions of North America, from Bering Strait to the east coast of Greenland and south to the island of Newfoundland.