Saturday, August 07, 2004

The Battle of Winwaed

The Battle of Winwaed An attempt to collate information about the Battle of Winwaed (655AD), and ascertain its location within Britain. Winwaed marked the defeat of the last credible pagan force within England.

From the site:

The Battle of Winwaed was fought in 655AD between the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Northumbria and Mercia. Not only did this ensure Northumbria as the ruling kingdom in Northern England, it marked the defeat of the last credible pagan force in Anglo-Saxon England. It also sowed the seeds which would lead to Anglo-Saxon acceptance of the Catholic Church over the Celtic Church.

Mirroring major changes in the English language, the battle has been given a variety of names during the past one and a half millennia. British/Welsh accounts refer to "Maes Gai", whilst medieval accounts refer to "Winwaed", "Winwade", "Wunued", and "Wingfield". If the Battle occurred at its most likely location (Whinmoor, Leeds), the spelling had become "Whinmore" by the 19th Century. This is similar to today's "Winn Moor" or "Whinmoor" spellings.

Although the exact location has been lost, the most likely location is very close to an area near Leeds, which I grew up in. These pages represent what I have been able to find to date. If you have any information or comments about these pages, please contact me!

1 comment:

Richard said...

The battle was fought at a ford (waed in old saxon) on the river Win or Wen or Uen depending on the translation you are using.
Just a few miles south of Bamborough is a river that the Romans named Uensuron - Uens Water - and the ford on it will be named Uen(s) Waed by the Saxons.

I believe that the river has changed course since the battle but the first nunnery that Oswy set up was at the battle site and was called the Ford House (in saxon english) and the church still stands.

I am happy to pass on my theory to anyone who can refine it