Tuesday, August 10, 2004

Benjamin Harrison

Benjamin Harrison This is a useful biography of American President Benjamin Harrison.

From the site:

Benjamin Harrison ( August 20 , 1833 - March 13 , 1901 ) was the 23rd ( 1889 - 1893 ) President of the United States .

A grandson of President William Henry Harrison , Benjamin was born in North Bend , Hamilton County, Ohio . He attended Miami University , Oxford, Ohio , where he was a member of the fraternity Phi Delta Theta , and graduated in 1852 . He studied law in Cincinnati then moved to Indianapolis in 1854 . He was admitted to the bar and became reporter of the decisions of the supreme court of the State.

Harrison served in the Union Army during the Civil War , brevetting as a brigadier general , and mustering out in 1865 . While in the field in October 1864 he was re-elected reporter of the State supreme court and served four years. He was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for Governor of Indiana in 1876 . He was appointed a member of the Mississippi River Commission in 1879 , and elected as a Republican to the United States Senate , where he served from March 4 , 1881 , to March 3 , 1887 . He was chairman of the Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard (Forty-seventh Congress) and Committee on Territories (Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses).

Harrison was elected President of the United States in 1888 . In the Presidential election, Harrison received 100,000 fewer popular votes than Cleveland, but carried the Electoral College 233 to 168. Although Harrison had made no political bargains, his supporters had given innumerable pledges upon his behalf. When Boss Matt Quay of Pennsylvania heard that Harrison ascribed his narrow victory to Providence, Quay exclaimed that Harrison would never know "how close a number of men were compelled to approach... the penitentiary to make him President." He was inaugurated on March 4 , 1889 , and served until March 4 , 1893 .

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