Wednesday, September 15, 2004

Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson. This is a nicely done short biography of American President Andrew Johnson.

From the site:

Andrew Johnson ( December 29 , 1808 - July 31 , 1875 ) was the sixteenth Vice President ( 1865 ) and the seventeenth ( 1865 - 1869 ) President of the United States , succeeding to the presidency upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln .

Johnson presided over the Reconstruction of the United States following the American Civil War , and his conciliatory policies towards the defeated rebels and his vetoes of civil rights bills embroiled him in a bitter dispute with the radical faction of Congress, leading the House of Representatives to impeach him in 1868 , becoming the first President to be impeached; William Jefferson Clinton was the second President to be impeached. He was subsequently acquitted by a single vote in the Senate .

Early political career

Johnson was a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee and a Vice President and 17th President of the United States. He was born in Raleigh, North Carolina on December 29 , 1808 . He was self-educated. At the age of 13 he was apprenticed to a tailor. He moved to Tennessee in 1826 , where he continued his employment as a tailor. He served as an alderman in Greeneville, Tennessee from 1828 to 1830 , and mayor of Greeneville from 1834 to 1838 . He was a member of the State house of representatives from 1835 to 1837 and 1839 to 1841 . He was elected to the State senate in 1841 , and elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses ( March 4 , 1843 to March 3 , 1853 . He was chairman of the Committee on Public Expenditures (Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses).

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