Saturday, October 16, 2004

Teaching about Federalism in the United States

Teaching about Federalism in the United States. This is an essay which gives educators ideas for teaching about the historical roots of American Federalism. This is another excellent resource from the ERIC system.

From the site:

The principle of American federalism, created in the eighteenth century, was bold and has greatly affected U.S. history. Its influence continues today. During the late 1780s the debates over ratification of the Constitution by Federalists and Anti-Federalists shaped controversies concerning the rights and powers of states in relation to the federal government.

The ideas stated in the "Federalist" papers are at the core of civic culture in the United States and serve as a reference for citizens in other democratic nations of the world. The 15th through the 22nd "Federalist" papers, for example, discuss the defects of the Articles of Confederation, the federal system that preceded ratification of the U.S. Constitution. The 39th "Federalist" paper shows that federalism provided by the U.S. Constitution is a compound system that conjoins national and state powers. Other papers in the "Federalist" that are especially helpful in explaining federalism in the United States include the 10th, 14th, 45th, and 51st.

The balance of power between national and state governments and consequent changes in federalism have evolved in U.S. history. National government power generally has expanded over state power through Supreme Court decisions, constitutional amendments, executive orders, and federal statutes. Nineteenth century states' rights proponents exemplify reactions to a stronger national government. Twentieth century influences concerning the growth of national government power within the federal system were initiated by events associated with two World Wars, the Great Depression, the Cold War, and civil rights movements. From the Nixon to the Reagan-Bush administrations, however, "New Federalism" sought to return power to the states.

1 comment:

RTO Trainer said...

You might be interested in my new blog.

This Day in US Military History.

I've always been fascinated with the "federalization" of the Bill of Rights under the 14th Amendment and why some of the BoR is applied to the states and some is not.