Saturday, September 04, 2004

CFP: Teaching History

CFP: Teaching History. This is a call for papers that relate to the teaching history from Academic Exchange Quarterly.

From the site:

Focus: We welcome manuscripts on teaching any historical subject, time period, or region. Here are some questions that may be addressed... other questions as well as proposals from foreign perspectives are encouraged.

What pedagogical approach should be used in teaching an undergraduate or graduate history class?

As our understanding of history and historical development changes, how should we adjust our teaching methods to reflect these changes?

What types of methods work best at each level--high school, community college, undergraduate, graduate?

How appropriate or effective are currently broadly popular methods, such as cooperative learning (i.e. group work), service learning, and educational games, for the history classroom?

How much should we adapt old methods or move to completely new approaches? In other words, how and how far should we teach beyond the textbook?

How can we assess the relative effectiveness of new methods for teaching history?

What do we teach and/or should we teach in a secondary school history class: memory, heritage, myth, or reading and writing? How much history should be required in a school curriculum?

What educational technology is useful for teaching history?

How can we effectively use educational technology to promote historical understanding?

What is the effect of computer-based technology on historical scholarship and teaching?

Who May Submit:Manuscripts are sought from those whose experiences and methods in the college or high school classroom have produced meaningful ways to teach history, whether in the traditional classroom, through on-line courses, or a combination of class meetings and web-based work. Submissions may be in the form of research reports, case studies, research in progress, or theoretical papers. Please identify your submission with keyword: HISTORY

Friday, September 03, 2004

History of Azerbaijan

History of Azerbaijan. This is an interesting and well written essay on the history of Azerbaijan.

From the site:

Azerbaijan combines the heritage of two venerable civilizations--the Seljuk Turks of the 11th century and the ancient Persians. Its name is thought to be derived from the Persian phrase "Land of Fire," referring both to its petroleum deposits, known since ancient times, and to its status as a former center of the Zoroastrian faith. The Azerbaijani Republic borders the Iranian provinces of East and West Azerbaijan, although they have not been united into a single state in modern times.

Little is known about Azerbaijan's history until its conquest and conversion to Islam by the Arabs in 642 AD. Centuries of prosperity as a province of the Muslim caliphate followed. After the decline of the Arab Empire, Azerbaijan was ravaged during the Mongol invasions but regained prosperity in the 13th-15th centuries under the Mongol II-Khans, the native Shirvan Shahs, and under Persia's Safavid Dynasty.

Due to its location astride the trade routes connecting Europe to Central Asia and the Near East and on the shore of the Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan was fought over by Russia, Persia, and the Ottomans for several centuries. Finally the Russians split Azerbaijan's territory with Persia in 1828 by the Treaty of Turkmenchay, establishing the present frontiers and extinguishing the last native dynasties of local Azerbaijani khans. The beginning of modern exploitation of the oil fields in the 1870s led to a period of unprecedented prosperity and growth in the years before World War I.

Thursday, September 02, 2004

Teaching about Africa

Teaching about Africa. This is a good essay which discusses ways teachers can instruct American students about Africa. This includes some information on history. An older version of this essay is also available under the same title of Teaching about Africa from 1986.

From the site:

People from African countries who visit the United States often are stunned by how little Americans know about African cultures. Africa is a large continent more than three times the size of the continental United States, and it contains over 50 independent countries. One out of every three member states in the United Nations is an African country. One out of every ten people in the world lives on the African continent. Increasingly, the United States has trading and corporate ties to African countries. Now, more than ever, our students need a basic understanding of Africa.

SUGGESTIONS FOR TEACHING ABOUT AFRICA

Four key suggestions are presented.

CONFRONT MYTHS AND STEREOTYPES
It seems that no other part of the world conjures up so many myths in the minds of Americans as Africa. A good way to begin a study of the continent is to identify and dispel some of the myths and stereotypes commonly held by Americans. To aid in the discussion, it is useful to compare these American misconceptions of Africa with the myths and stereotypes people in African countries have about the United States. For instance, many Americans believe that all Africans are poor, while many Africans think that all Americans are rich. Americans commonly perceive Africa as a violent, dangerous place. People in African countries often believe the same thing about America. To assist in the discussion of this topic, LESSONS FROM AFRICA (Merryfield 1989) includes a lesson entitled "Stereotypes Kenyan and Liberian Youth Have about Americans."

Wednesday, September 01, 2004

Rutherford B. Hayes

Rutherford B. Hayes. This is a good essay which gives a short write up on the life of President Hayes.

From the site:

Rutherford Birchard Hayes ( October 4 , 1822 - January 17 , 1893 ) was the 19th ( 1877 - 1881 ) President of the United States.

He was a Representative from Ohio prior to his Presidency. He was born in Delaware, Delaware County, Ohio , October 4 , 1822 . He attended the common schools, the Methodist Academy in Norwalk, Ohio, and the Webb Preparatory School in Middletown, Connecticut . He was graduated from Kenyon College , Gambier, Ohio, in August 1842 and from the Harvard Law School in January 1845 . He was admitted to the bar May 10 , 1845 , and commenced practice in Lower Sandusky (now Fremont). He moved to Cincinnati in 1849 and resumed the practice of law. He was city solicitor from 1857 to 1859 . He was commissioned a major of the Twenty-third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, June 27 , 1861 , lieutenant colonel October 24 , 1861 , colonel October 24 , 1862 , brigadier general of Volunteers October 9 , 1864 and brevetted major general of Volunteers March 3 , 1865 .

Hayes was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses and served from March 4 , 1865 , to July 20 , 1867 , when he resigned, having been nominated for Governor of Ohio. He was Governor from 1868 to 1872 , and an unsuccessful candidate for election to the Forty-third Congress. He was again elected Governor and served from January 1876 to March 2 , 1877 , when he resigned, having been elected President of the United States. Since March 4 , 1877 was a Sunday, Hayes was took the oath of office in the Red Room of the White House on March 3 . He took the oath again publicly on March 5 on the East Portico of the Capitol, and he served until March 4 , 1881 .

Tuesday, August 31, 2004

History of Africa

History of Africa. This is a good outline on the history of Africa from Wikinfo.

From the site:

The following is an outline of African history, followed by a list of articles about the history of particular places in Africa. The text may be dated in parts because it was taken originally from a 1911 encyclopedia— please modernise and update as required.

Origins of the Name

The name Africa came into European use through the Romans, who administered as the province of Africa the territory formerly of Carthage (location of modern Tunisia) The historian Leo Africanus attributes the origin to the Greek word phrike (φρικε, meaning "cold and horror"), combined with the negating prefix a-, so meaning a land free of cold and horror. But the change of sound from ph to f in Greek is datable to about the first century, so could not really be the origin of the name. Others have suggested it is from a name Afer, related to the modern name Berber. Egypt was considered part of Asia by the ancients, and first assigned to Africa by the geographer Ptolemy, who made the isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea the boundary between Asia and Africa. As Europeans came to understand the real extent of the continent, the idea of Africa expanded with their knowledge.

Prehistory

For the evolution of hominids, which occurred in East and Central Africa, and particularly of Homo sapiens, see under paleontology and other entries.

The earliest human migration out of Africa and within the continent are indicated by linguistic and cultural evidence, and increasingly by computer-analyzed genetic evidence (see Cavalli-Sforza). The Khoisan languages are almost unique in using glottal clicks - the only other languages that do this are the Nguni Bantu languages of southern Africa, such as Xhosa and Zulu. Khoisan languages are now spoken mostly by isolated islands of genetically and culturally distinct populations of hunter-gatherers on marginal lands such as the Kalahari Desert.
This seems

Monday, August 30, 2004

History of Benin

History of Benin. This is a short but interesting history of Benin.

From the site:

Benin was the seat of one of the great medieval African kingdoms called Dahomey. Europeans began arriving in the area in the 18th century, as the kingdom of Dahomey was expanding its territory. The Portuguese, the French, and the Dutch established trading posts along the coast (Porto-Novo, Ouidah, Cotonou), and traded weapons for slaves. Slave trade ended in 1848. Then, the French signed treaties with Kings of Abomey (Guézo, Toffa, Glèlè) to establish French protectorates in the main cities and ports. However, King Behanzin fought the French influence which cost him deportation to Martinique. As of 1900, the territory became a French colony ruled by a French Governor. Expansion continued to the North (kingdoms of Parakou, Nikki, Kandi), up to the border with former Upper Volta. On December 4, 1958, it became the République du Dahomey, self-governing within the French community, and on August 1, 1960, the Republic of Benin gained full independence from France.

Post-Independence Politics

Between 1960 and 1972, a succession of military coups brought about many changes of government. The last of these brought to power Major Mathieu Kérékou as the head of a regime professing strict Marxist-Leninist principles. The Revolutionary Party of the People of Benin (PRPB) remained in complete power until the beginning of the 1990s. Kérékou, encouraged by France and other democratic powers, convened a national conference that introduced a new democratic constitution and held presidential and legislative elections. Kérékou's principal opponent at the presidential poll, and the ultimate victor, was Prime Minister Nicéphore Soglo. Supporters of Soglo also secured a majority in the National Assembly.

Sunday, August 29, 2004

1927 school bombing killed nearly 40 children

1927 school bombing killed nearly 40 children. It happened in Bath, Michigan. It was the worst attack on students in American history. And worth noting, it was done without any guns.

From the site:

BATH, Mich. — The magnitude of the horror that befell Bath Wednesday when a demented farmer blew up the consolidated school, killing nearly 40 children and several adults, continued to grow today. Up to noon 38 pupils and six adults were dead. Forty-three others were seriously injured, some perhaps fatally. ...

The fate of Mrs. Andrew Kehoe, wife of the demented farmer who served as treasurer of the school district, was established today when portions of her body were found in an outbuilding of the Kehoe farm. Kehoe had dynamite in his home, barn and wagonshed, and the buildings were destroyed by subsequent fire.

Indications were that Kehoe had killed his wife and thrown her body into the outbuilding, for the skull was crushed. ...

Scarcely a family in the little town of Bath, 7 miles north of Lansing, the state capital, escaped
unscathed from the diabolical plot which culminated in a series of dynamite explosions. ...