Friday, July 15, 2005

Vucedol Culture

Vucedol Culture - Vucedol culture flourished between 3000 and 2200 BC in what is now modern Croatia. Their copper metallurgy was based on a new process of mass casting. This culture had a great influence on other contemporary cultures in the European heritage.

This web site claims they invented the first European calendar and presented it in their ceramics. I am not sure about this but clearly the Vucedol culture was advanced for the time it existed.

There is more on Vucedol Culture at Wikipedia. An interesting claim there is that, "There are serious hypothesis that Vucedol culture, which lasted about 800 years, being strong and spreading very wide in all directions from Danube basin, from Czech Republic to Transylvania, and from Ljubljana to a Adriatic seashore, the Kotor Bay, could be the originating culture of earliest Troy."

From the site:

Vucedol Culture was the first farming culture to exist in Europe; its center was in Croatia, but it expanded into the broader region of Central and South-Eastern Europe.

It flourished in the period between 3000 and 2200 BC, around the time of Sumer and the Old Kingdom in Egypt. The Vucedols are thought to have spoken the original Indo-European language, and they knew how to make various products out of copper. They also invented the first European calendar, and represented it in their ceramics.

The high standards of Vucedol culture were first achieved through an economy related to stock-raising, and in later phases on mining and copper metallurgy based on a new revolutionary technological process - mass casting.

This predominant culture had a great influence on other contemporary cultures, and it also left behind considerable traces in the European heritage as a whole.

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