Tuesday, August 16, 2005

History of St. Vincent and the Grenadines

History of St. Vincent and the Grenadines. This is a brief look at the history of the islands nation of St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The emphasis is on more recent political events.

Wikipedia notes that, "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an independent sovereign state of the Caribbean, part of the Commonwealth of Nations."

From the site:

Carib Indians aggressively prevented European settlement on St. Vincent until the 18th century. African slaves--whether shipwrecked or escaped from St. Lucia and Grenada and seeking refuge in St. Vincent--intermarried with the Caribs and became known as "black Caribs." Beginning in 1719, French settlers cultivated coffee, tobacco, indigo, cotton, and sugar on plantations worked by African slaves. In 1763, St. Vincent was ceded to Britain. Restored to French rule in 1779, St. Vincent was regained by the British under the Treaty of Versailles in 1783. Conflict between the British and the black Caribs continued until 1796, when General Abercrombie crushed a revolt fomented by the French radical Victor Hugues. More than 5,000 black Caribs were eventually deported to Roatan, an island off the coast of Honduras.

Slavery was abolished in 1834; the resulting labor shortages on the plantations attracted Portuguese immigrants in the 1840s and east Indians in the 1860s. Conditions remained harsh for both former slaves and immigrant agricultural workers, as depressed world sugar prices kept the economy stagnant until the turn of the century.

1 comment:

Sunshine said...

I just returned from St. Vincent, you can find infos on my trip on http://port-of-spain.blogspot.com/
Have fun.