Sunday, September 25, 2005

Examining the American Bill of Rights Using the Ethic of Justice

Examining the American Bill of Rights Using the Ethic of Justice. This is another semi-philosophical look at history. The author argues from the perspective of the ethic of justice as postulated by Starratt (1991). It reviews all ten amendments and gives a rationale why the framers of the Constitution would want to limit federal power.

For example, here the commentary on the 2nd Amendment:

Amendment Two: A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

"Although controversial today, the founders firmly believed that everyone was entitled to own a gun. Not only was this important for hunting and defense against hostile natives, it assured that the people would have a means of offering resistance to the government if it became unjust. This is not surprising considering that the new nation had just used guns to overthrow British rule. The very idea that resistance to unjust laws is morally correct is demonstrated by the inclusion of gun ownership as a basic right. "

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