Sunday, November 27, 2005

350th Anniversary of the Peace of Westphalia

350th Anniversary of the Peace of Westphalia - Prepared in connection with the 1998 celebrations of the anniversary at Munster, this site contains a year-by-year time-line and short essays on the war and the peace. It is hard to believe that Sweden and Germany were once at war. This site is in reference to the Thirty Years War.

Unfortunately, the site is in frames which may make it difficult for some Web browsers to access. What is wrong with straight html code with the actual url visible?

Most of the articles are available in Dutch, Swedish, Spanish and French. Some material is in German only.

From the site:

The signing of the final treaties of the Peace of Westphalia on 24 October 1648 in Münster and Osnabrück marked the first time in the history of Europe that peace had been reached by negotiation. Life in the two cities had been dictated for five years by the negotiations conducted in the envoys' quarters. The population of Münster, totalling 12,000 at the time, was boosted by an additional 10,000 due to the 34 diplomats with a retinue of up to 200 persons and the baggage-train which ministered to their needs. The police are anticipating an even larger number of onlookers wishing to be part of the events when 20 European heads of state visit Münster on 24 October 1998.

The pointers to the peace negotiations of 350 years ago in the current cityscape of Münster create a strong impression. Direct testimony is provided by the buildings reconstructed post-1945 with the help of historical models: the fully preserved Friedenssaal (Peace Hall) of the Rathaus, in which the Peace of Münster was sworn on 15 May 1648, and the Krameramtshaus, which was home to the Netherlands envoys from 1644 to 1648.

Further evidence of the anniversary of the Peace are visibly preserved for posterity in the city. In the cobbles of the inner courtyard of the Rathaus, the observant passer-by will see a scroll under a glass panel. The document is a message of peace composed by young people from Germany and Holland, which was presented to the Mayoress Marion Tüns when Crown Prince Willem Alexander of Holland visited Münster on 15 May 1998. The chestnut tree planted by the Dalai Lama on land formerly used by the military during his visit to the city on 6 June 1998 will also grow into a symbol of peace.

1 comment:

Jens-Olaf said...

Germany did not exist at that time, it was this old empire with the capital Vienna.
I am from Osnabrück where they negotiated the peacy treaty between Sweden and the empire. Before they started the peace talks Osnabrück was occupied 10 years by the Swedes. But they could not line up own soldiers so they had 400 Fins or Scotish and German troops in here.
And you are right they should do a new website for it.