Wednesday, January 11, 2006

History of Portugal

History of Portugal. This is a short essay covering the history of the European nation of Portugal.

Wikipedia notes, "The Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa) is located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, and is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south. In addition, Portugal includes two archipelagos in the Atlantic, Azores (Açores) and Madeira Islands."

From the site:

Throughout the centuries which witnessed the conquest of Lusitania and destruction of Carthaginian power by Rome, the establishment and decline of Latin civilization, the invasion by Alani, Suevi and other barbarian races, the resettlement under Visigothic rule and the overthrow of the Visigoths by Arab and Berber tribes from Africa, today's Portugal remained an undifferentiated part of Hispania, without sign of national consciousness.

The Iberian Peninsula was one and its common history is related under Spain. Its divisions didn't match the modern ones. It is true that some Portuguese writers have sought to identify their race with the ancient Lusitani, and have claimed for it a separate and continuous existence dating from the 2nd century B.C. The revolt of Lusitania against the Romans has been regarded as an early manifestation of Portuguese love of liberty, Viriathus as a national hero. But this theory, which originated in the 15th century and was perpetuated in the title of the Lusiadas epic, has no historical foundation, and Viriathus has also been considered a national hero in Spain.


Anonymous said...

Actually, during that time spain(ou hispania) did not exist, there was Portucale(portugal), Castela, Leon, etc. When several kingdoms got united creating Hispania, Portugal decided so stay on its own and maintain its independence, following its own path.

The reason why its said they descend from the Lusitanians is that the lusitanians were settled were now stands the portuguese, and ADN evidence it is said to show evidence of it.

Later on, they fought the Castelians,the French and the Moors(holly war), expanding their country war after war, and the Portuguese borders are the oldest to be settled in europe if im not mistaken.

Later on, while the old world though it was crazy to leave land, to reach other continents, the Portuguese decided to set sail, and were the first to reach some unexplored regions of africa, and later on, india and far east(china), trading goods with these continents and selling them all over europe.

They were infamous all over europe during this period, as they ferociously controlled the seas, and would fight and sink any ship crossing their route.

Hope you can correct history, and re edit this post


You migh wanna have a look at this

Anonymous said...

The lusitanians had a controlled territory to near the actual Madrid ! no wonder why Viriato is considered a national hero in Spain too.