Thursday, April 20, 2006

Almohads

Almohads - This site has a profile and timeline of the Muslim Berber movement which replaced the Almoravids, and became the leading political power in North Africa and Spain in the 12th and 13th centuries. It originally comes from the Enyclopedia of the Orient.

The Almohads were inspired by their founder Ibn Tumart. His main belief was a form of unitarianism which denied the independent existence of the attributes of Allah as being not equatable with his unity. Hence, he then concluded, they therefore were a polytheistic idea and sacrilege.

Evidently, this idea was important enough to gain considerable political power in Africa and Europe for several generations in medieval times.

From the site:

Muslim Berber movement that developed into the leading political power in North Africa and Spain in the 12th and 13th centuries.

Its teachings were based upon Ibn Tumart's interpretation of Islam, and its success was not only a result of its own power so much as it was due to the downfall of the preceding Almoravid empire.

The central core of the Almohad movement – it could be called a rebellion against the Almoravids, actually – was the opposition to the position of the leaders of Almoravids as jurists. While large parts of its theology was rather unclear, one principle stood out: tawhid, the uniqueness of God.

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