Thursday, September 07, 2006

History of Moldova

History of Moldova. This is a brief history of the Europen state of Moldova. This country is a Soviet successor state long associated with Romania and Russia.

The Encyclop√¶dia Britannica notes, "Officially Republic of Moldova, Moldovan Republica Moldova , formerly (1940–41) Moldavia , or Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic country lying in the northeastern corner of the Balkan region. It is bordered by Ukraine on the north, east, and south and Romania on the west, the Prut River forming the western boundary. Moldova occupies an area of about 13,000 square miles (33,700 square kilometres). The capital is at Chisinau."

From the site:

The Republic of Moldova occupies most of what has been known as Bessarabia. Moldova's location has made it a historic passageway between Asia and southern Europe as well as the victim of frequent warfare. Greeks, Romans, Huns, and Bulgars invaded the area, which in the 13th century became part of the Mongol empire. An independent Moldovan state emerged briefly in the 14th century under celebrated leader Stefan the Great, but subsequently fell under Ottoman Turkish rule in the 16th century.

After the Russo-Turkish War of 1806-12, the eastern half of Moldova (Bessarabia) between the Prut and the Dniester Rivers was ceded to Russia, while Romanian Moldova (west of the Prut) remained with the Turks. Romania, which gained independence in 1878, took control of the Russian half of Moldova in 1918. The Soviet Union never recognized the action and created an autonomous Moldavian republic on the east side of the Dniester River in 1924.

In 1940, Romania was forced to cede eastern Moldova to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.), which established the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic by merging the autonomous republic east of the Dniester and the annexed Bessarabian portion. Romania sought to regain it by joining with Germany in the 1941 attack on the U.S.S.R. Moldova was ceded back to Moscow when hostilities between the U.S.S.R. and Romania ceased at the end of World War II. The present boundary between Moldova and Romania was established in 1947. Moldova remained part of the U.S.S.R. until the early 1990s; the Soviet Union was formally dissolved In December 1991.

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