Thursday, August 24, 2006

The Carnival of Bad History is Coming to the World History Blog

I am pleased to announce that the Carnival of Bad History is coming to the World History Blog. It will be hosted here on Friday, September 22nd. If you see a good post on bad history or a really bad history post, please let me know.

This is a description of the carnival from the carnival site, "The world is full of bad history. Best-selling novels are full of it. Nostalgia-dripping reruns on Pax and the Hallmark channel are full of it. Blockbuster summer movies are full of it. Statements by the leaders of public opinion are full of it. Boy, are they full of it. Alan and John thought the world needed a place to expose bad history. This is that place."

So, if your blog or another blog has exposed some bad history, submit it. If you see some bad history that gets you annoyed, submit it. Bad history can take many forms from politics, movies, and inappropriate attempts at revision. Examples covered on this blog over the last 2 1/2 years include Holocaust revisionists, lunar landing deniers, fake claims of occupation by separatists groups, 9/11 revisionists, and some cranks that deny the middle ages ever happened. And as past editions of this carnival have shown, this is just scrapping the surface...

If you want to submit, send an e-mail either to “miland[at]usa2014[dot]com” or "badhistory[at]" I look forward to seeing your submission(s).

Wednesday, August 23, 2006

Aztecs butchered, ate invaders

Aztecs butchered, ate invaders. This grisly story is from today's online edition of CNN. Domestic nations have tried many tactics over the ages to repel invading armies. The Aztecs were no different and a recent find indicates they even resorted to sacrificing and eating hundreds of people in 1520.

The article notes, "Skulls and bones from the Tecuaque archeological site near Mexico City show about 550 victims had their hearts ripped out by Aztec priests in ritual offerings, and were dismembered or had their bones boiled or scraped clean, experts say."

Most of the victims were not Spanish soldiers. The were part of a large party that was made up mostly of the mulatto, mestizo, Maya Indian and Caribbean men and women given to the Spanish as carriers and cooks. As such, it was a slow moving group and proved an easy target to the Aztecs who were normally unable to defeat the Spanish in battle.

The prisoners were kept in cages for months on end and each day a few were dragged out and killed at dawn until all were dead. Fortunately, the Aztecs showed some mercy. The article notes, "Some may have been given hallucinogenic mushrooms or pulque -- an alcoholic milky drink made from fermented cactus juice -- to numb them to what was about to happen."

When the Aztecs learned the Spanish were coming to the sacrifice site, they threw all the evidence down wells. This hid the evidence from the Spanish but preserved it for future generations to find. I have a great deal of respect for Aztec culture and I do not mean to sound ethnocentric. However, I do not have much respect for this barbaric act against a group made up primarily of non-combatants. The Spanish conquest of Mexico and destruction of Aztec culture was wrong. But so was human sacrifice...

Tuesday, August 22, 2006

Mexican Flag Celebrating Mexican Sovereignty

I found this fun short article at As the site allows for the reproduction of articles by blogs and other websites, I am going to go ahead and reprint it here. The author of the article is Beth Gabriel.


Mexican Flag design changes throughout history

The Mexican Flag has changed 8 times during recorded history. Some of the changes have been minor, some major but throughout history, many details in the coat of arms have remained constant. The features that have remained constant are the eagle, with a serpent, perched on a cactus, which sits on a rock, found in a lake. Whew! That’s a lot of details that have stayed the same. What’s changed? The design and position of the eagle/serpent/cactus/rock/lake in the coat of arms and the length to width ratio of the flag has changed over time. The Aztec legend states that their gods told them to build a city where they spotted an eagle devouring a serpent (this is now Mexico City). Early Spanish conquistadors came to Mexico in the 1500s, killing local rulers and laying claim to this land for Spain. For more than 300 years, Mexico belonged to Spain's empire.

The first unofficial flag of Mexico

The first ‘unofficial’ national flag of Mexico is considered by many to be the Standard of the Virgin of Guadalupe (some Catholics honor her as the manifestation of the Virgin Mary in the Americas) dating back to 1810. This Standard was associated with the rebel army during the Mexican War of Independence.

The first national Mexican Flag

Spain was finally defeated by Mexico in 1821 and the first official national flag, the Imperial Flag was established, celebrating Mexican sovereignty. The flag colors of green, white and red (encarnado – flesh eating red) were chosen and ordered to be arranged vertically, with the crowned eagle in the center of the white stripe. This flag is similar to the national flag used today but this eagle wore a crown and was not holding a serpent in his talons.

The second national Mexican Flag

The second national flag was adopted at the start of the first federal republic in 1823. The new flag’s only difference was the change to the coat of arms. The crown was removed from the eagle's head, a serpent was placed in the eagle's right talon and a branch of oak and laurel was added. This flag was discontinued in 1864 when the federal republic was dissolved.

The third national Mexican Flag

The third official national flag used the traditional green, white and red pattern with the coat of arms centered in the white stripe as before. The ratio of the flag’s length to width was changed from 4:7 to 1:2 and four golden crowned eagles were placed in the 4 corners of the flag. The design was ordered by the Emperor Maximilian in 1864 to have a French flavor. This flag was abandoned in 1867 when Maximilian was overthrown and executed by the Mexican people.
The second national flag (eagle's head without a crown, serpent in the eagle's right talon, branch of oak and laurel) was used once again as the national flag, but was not officially declared as the national flag.

The fourth and current national Mexican Flag

The current national Flag of Mexico was adopted on September 16, 1968 and the eagle was changed from front-facing to a side-facing view. Mexico City hosted the 1968 Summer Olympic Games which may have prompted the creation of this new Flag of Mexico, the fourth official national flag.

Even though Mexico has had four national flags (far fewer than the United States) since gaining independence from Spain in 1821, many of the Mexican Flag’s proud details have remained the same: vertical stripes of green, white and red; eagle, snake, cactus, lake, and rock.

Beth Gabriel is a successful Webmaster and publisher of She provides more Flag History and Mexican Flag reviews that you can read on her website from the comfort of your home at 2:00 am! Fly your Mexican Flag proudly to honor those who have fought for freedom!

Article Source:

Monday, August 21, 2006

Welcome to Rob Ossian's Pirate's Cove

Welcome to Rob Ossian's Pirate's Cove. I think I have discovered the greatest pirate website out there! This site features biographies of explorers, pirates, and privateers along with historical timelines, and a history of pirate movies.

I had a good time exploring this site. It appears to be well researched and also is well laid out. It also lacks a significant advertising presence. This page was not created just to get visitors to click on Google Adsense ads and make the site creator money.

I found the biography section the most fun. There were interesting write ups of pirates including Edward Teach, Henry Morgan, and Mary Read. There is also an amusing vanity biography about the site creator (Robert H. Ossian).