Saturday, July 28, 2007

History of Jordan

History of Jordan. This is a brief description of the Middle East nation of Jordan. The land is ancient, the nation is not.

The Encyclop√¶dia Britannica notes, "Jordan occupies an area rich in archaeological remains and religious traditions. The Jordanian desert was home to hunters from the Lower Paleolithic Period; their flint tools have been found widely distributed throughout the region. In the southeastern part of the country, at Mount Al-Tubayq, rock carvings date from several prehistoric periods, the earliest of which have been attributed to the Paleolithic-Mesolithic era. The site at Tulaylat al-Ghassul in the Jordan Valley of a well-built village with painted plaster walls may represent transitional developments from the Neolithic to the Chalcolithic period. The Early Bronze Age (c. 3000–2100 BC) is marked by deposits at the base of Dhiban. Although many sites have been found in the northern portion of the country, few have been excavated, and little evidence of settlement in this period is found south of Al-Shawbak. The region's early Bronze Age culture was terminated by a nomadic invasion that destroyed the principal towns and villages, marking the end of an apparently peaceful period of development. Security was not reestablished until the Egyptians arrived after 1580 BC. It was once believed that the area was unoccupied from 1900 to 1300 BC, but a systematic archaeological survey has shown that the country had a settled population throughout the period. This was confirmed by the discovery of a small temple at Amman with Egyptian, Mycenaean, and Cypriot imported objects."

From the site:

The land that became Jordan is part of the richly historical Fertile Crescent region. Its history began around 2000 B.C., when Semitic Amorites settled around the Jordan River in the area called Canaan. Subsequent invaders and settlers included Hittites, Egyptians, Israelites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arab Muslims, Christian Crusaders, Mameluks, Ottoman Turks, and, finally, the British. At the end of World War I, the League of Nations as the mandate for Palestine and Transjordan awarded the territory now comprising Israel, Jordan, the West Bank, Gaza, and Jerusalem to the United Kingdom. In 1922, the British divided the mandate by establishing the semiautonomous Emirate of Transjordan, ruled by the Hashemite Prince Abdullah, while continuing the administration of Palestine under a British High Commissioner. The mandate over Transjordan ended on May 22, 1946; on May 25, the country became the independent Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan. It ended its special defense treaty relationship with the United Kingdom in 1957.

Transjordan was one of the Arab states which moved to assist Palestinian nationalists opposed to the creation of Israel in May 1948, and took part in the warfare between the Arab states and the newly founded State of Israel. The armistice agreements of April 3, 1949 left Jordan in control of the West Bank and provided that the armistice demarcation lines were without prejudice to future territorial settlements or boundary lines.

In 1950, the country was renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to include those portions of Palestine annexed by King Abdullah. While recognizing Jordanian administration over the West Bank, the United States maintained the position that ultimate sovereignty was subject to future agreement.

Friday, July 27, 2007

Coins and History of Asia

Coins and History of Asia. I like to browse ancient coin sites from time to time. Most of these are Roman related of course but I have found some other interesting sites. However, I have finally stumbled upon a good one which deals exclusively with coins from Asia.

This site has the history and images of coins from the Near East, Persia, India, Central Asia and China from 600 BC to 1600 AD. This site is a lot of fun. I spent several hours at it before going to bed yesterday. If you like coins, you should like this resource.

From the site:

Containing information and scans of over 2500 coins, these pages are to be a resource for students of Near Eastern, Persian, Indian, Central Asian and Chinese history from 600 BC to 1600 AD. Permanent exhibits with emphasis on Sasanian, Hunnic and Central Asian coinages. Check back often and reload everything because I'm adding all the time. Begun in July 1996, I've resigned myself to the fact that this will take the better part of several dozen more years to complete. Oh well. In a state of continuous flux, Winter 2007.

Wednesday, July 25, 2007

Creating Online History Quizzes

I have featured several online history themed quizzes on this blog. And that got me thinking, how hard would it be for me to create one?

So, I went to and gave it a try. It did not go well. I was not sure what the best type of quiz was to select. My choice was not what I intended. However, all attempts to start over failed as the site tried to force me to give the name and the password of the quiz I was working on previously rather than letting me start from scratch.

There are many other Web quiz program out there. Has anyone had any success with any of them? What is your favorite? Which is easiest? Do you use them in class or just online for blogs?

I will keep trying. I like history, trivia, and good blog filler material. Any comments though are very appreciated.

Tuesday, July 24, 2007

History of Soccer in US

I am posting yet another of those free to use articles. I find one occasionally I like and since blogs are allowed to reprint them free...

I am a big fan of the US national soccer team. They have improved a lot in the last several decades and have beat Mexico nine of the last ten times! It is not out of the realm of possibility that the USA will win the FIFA World Cup in my life time.

Here is the article:

History of Soccer in US by Niv Orlian

Although soccer is not THE sport in the US, the history of soccer in US is one of the longest around, right next to that of the English or the Scottish.

After the English set out to form a set of rules for the game of soccer, these were soon taken to the new World, where Americans learned to love this rising sport, right next to another game that grew strong roots in the US back then: baseball. Actually, the American Football Association is the second oldest sports league in America, after the Major League Baseball one.

Obviously, the history of soccer in US didn't start with a professional league though (in terms of what we call professional today). The American Football Association, started out in 1884, was a semi-professional competition involving New England and some Midwest areas and it was a rather chaotic environment to play soccer in, but nevertheless it was there and progressing with each year.

A parallel soccer organization, the American Amateur Football Association was founded around the same time and the two coexisted until 1913, when they merged into the US Football Association, the first fully professional soccer organization throughout the history of soccer in the US.

The US football association (or USFA) was one of the first to join FIFA and as such, the United States team participated in the early World Cups, although the game was beginning to become outshined by baseball or basketball.

With American football also on the rise, the organization adopted a new name to avoid any confusion and called itself the US Soccer Football Association. However, the US soccer history would soon witness a new change in its governing body's name in 1974, when the USSFA dropped "Football" from its tag and instead adopted the title of United States Soccer Federation, which is still used today.

So many will wonder, if the history of soccer in US starts out so early, how come soccer is not the main sport in USA? Well the truth is that the rather modest performances from the men's national side early on in the 20th century, combined with the high rise of baseball, basketball, football and hockey, meant that the nation soon lost interest in soccer and since American kids had so many alternatives, soccer slowly went out of fashion.

However, with the increasingly good performances from the US men's soccer team and the huge success of the women's soccer team (who managed to bring in the first trophies in the history of soccer in US and is still one of the world powers in the game today), soccer is climbing back to its rightful place and with more and more American kids favoring it in school as a start-up sport, things look bright for the future of US soccer.

Niv Orlian is the author and the owner of a Soccer Fans website that provides information on various topics related to soccer such as the history of soccer, rules, famous soccer players, real time news, statistics, and training guides.
Article Source:

Monday, July 23, 2007


EServer. This site publishes texts in the arts and humanities. Collections include art, architecture, drama, fiction, poetry, history, political theory, cultural studies, philosophy, women's studies and music.

Check out the history section. There is some cool stuff here although it looks strange to read text online without Google ads being placed in spots where I will accidently click them.

From the site:

The EServer is an e-publishing co-op based at Iowa State University where hundreds of writers, editors and scholars gather to publish over 35,000 works free of charge.

Sunday, July 22, 2007

Which Roman Emperor Are You?

You scored as Trajan, You are quite fortunate to rank as the emperor Trajan, possibly the greatest of Roman emperors. You have relentlessly expanded the empire and even humbled the mighty Parthian empire. Loved by all, vastly larger than life, you are the model for all future emperors. It is hard to find a bad thing to say about you. HAIL CAESAR!





Antoninus Pius












Marcus Aurelius












Which Roman Emperor Are You?
created with